Wetlands are very crucial features in the landscape that provide several benefits to the human beings and for wildlife and water animals as well. Some of these advantages include improving and protecting the quality of water, providing wildlife habitat and fish, storing floodwaters and also maintaining the flow of water during dry days. They filter water, offer a unique ecosystem and habitat and also provide food to many different species.
Although wetlands are truly unique, they should not be considered as an independent and as isolated habitat. In contrast, wetlands are important to the entire health of all biomes and to other wildlife and humans everywhere. And they have a vital role to play in the lives of animals and humans alike. Therefore, we should understand the essential services that wetland conservation methods provide to us, and should contribute to the protection of wetlands. Protecting wetlands can also protect the safety and welfare of humans. Here are a few good reasons why protection of wetlands is so important:
PURIFY THE WATER
Yes, it’s very true! Wetlands are often known as the great filters. They confine sediments and eliminate pollutants which can help to purify groundwater. This benefit of wetland management certainly hit expensive, human-made water filtration system. Wetland acts as a natural filter.
HELPS TO CONTROL SOIL EROSION
Wetlands trap sediments. In some semi-arid parts of the world, the major role of wetlands to trap sediments, before the sediment-laden water is about to join a river course and washes away, is very helpful and useful. Soil erosion efforts in several aquatic areas also include planting of wetlands plants.
PROVIDES SHELTER FOR PLANTS AND ANIMALS
As biodiversity is quite high especially around wetlands habitats. Wetlands provide shelter and food for many species, particularly amphibians such as frogs, and bird species like spoonbills, herons, flamingos, and more others.
One of the most significant economic and social benefits that wetlands provide is flood control. When rivers burst their banks, wetlands are able to store excess water and also slow down the flow, so it gets distributed more evenly over a floodplain. The wet grasslands and peatlands along the riversides act like sponges, thus absorbing rainfall and control the water flow into rivers and streams.
The staple diet of more than half of the entire world’s population is rice, and that mostly grows in wetlands in several parts of the world. You will be surprised to know that many commercially essential fish species, papyrus, and reeds are also harvested in wetlands. Therefore, wetlands are the major source of food supply for humans and animals.
The above given are some of the benefits of wetlands. Wetlands are important for a number of reasons. Wetlands occur differently in a different environment around the world with divergent characteristics, but with their fast depletion, they need to be protected soon.