In order not to lose the artistic riches gathered over the years, it was necessary to resort to the creation of museums. These structures are intended to house the elements which, all put together, form the artistic and cultural identity of a kingdom, ethnicity, family, dynasty, etc. Here are the two largest museums designed for this purpose.
France has one of the largest museums, if not the largest museum in the world. The Louvre Museum is located in Paris, the French capital. In 1793, the year of its inauguration, it was baptized "Central Museum of the Arts of the Republic". It has an exhibition area of 72,735 m² with collections which in 2016 brought together 554,731 works. Between them, there are 35,000 exhibited works and 264,486 graphic works. The Louvre is the most visited museum in the country with a flash of 10.2 million visitors in 2018. It presents a most enriching catalog with a complex description of Western art, ancient civilizations, Islam and early Christians.
In Russia, one of the largest countries in the world, there is one of the largest museums in the world. The Hermitage Museum is a state museum established in 1764 in St. Petersburg. Its artistic richness no longer needs to be demonstrated. It has more than 60,000 pieces on display in nearly 1,000 rooms, making it the largest museum in the world in terms of exhibits, even though it still maintains nearly 3 million objects in its reserve. The museum devotes 66,000 m² of its surface area (230,000 m²) to the exhibition. Among other items on display, there is a fine collection of European works of art, the largest collection of paintings in the world as well as numerous pieces from Antiquity.